Soviet Lomonosov porcelain figure “Afghan Woman Removing Burqa” by Elizaveta Tripolskaya

Soviet Lomonosov porcelain figure "Afghan Woman Removing Burqa" by Elizaveta Tripolskaya

Afghan Woman Removing Her Burqa, Lomonosov State Porcelain Factory, Leningrad. Circa 1930.
The Soviet authorities, when faced with the lack of an urban proletariat in Soviet Central Asia, turned to women as a repressed ‘surrogate proletariat’. The tradition of veiling embodied and enforced women’s subordinate status by precluding their participation in public and political life. In 1926 the party launched a campaign known as khudzhum against the segregation of the sexes; the subject of the woman unveiling was officially promoted by painters, sculptors and photographers.
The Lomonosov model was produced in two different versions, the first with a typical oval base and the second with a smoother base on which the figure usually stands atop a map. Tripolskaia designed this model as part of a group of three Eastern figures while still a student at VKhUTEIN.

Эскиз росписи скульптуры “Афганская женщина, сбрасывающая чадру”. Автор: Елизавета Трипольская. 1929.

Автор росписи: Варвара Рукавишникова. 1929.